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Entertainment of Argentina
Music, like its art, was influenced by European styles, especially in the 19th century. There are several different types of music in Argentina, the most popular being
. The Tango "represent[s] the profound transformation of the urban landscape at the begining of the twentieth century, with the influx of diverse European immigrants." (
) Mostly popular with the youth of Argentina is the Argentine rock. This style of music came to be popular in Argentina when a band called Los Shakers from Uruguay played a concert in Argentina. Also popular among its youth is electronic. Electronic music and dances are mostly enjoyed by the young men of Argentina, particularly in the middle and upper classes. A third style of upbeat music enjoyed is pop. In Argentina, this style combines hardcore with pop and violins. Cumbia is a style of music inspired by an outside country. Cumba is a form of tropical music that originated from Columbia that later became more aggressive and explict. Another popular style of music is the Cuarteto, a form of dance music created by Cuarteto Leo. And finally jazz is another popular style of music that revolves around the "new tango". Jazz was made popular in Argentina by Astor Piazzolla in the 1960s.
Argentina is a major producer of motion pictures. Its cinema is "one of the most important in the spanish-speaking world." (
) The first motion pictures in Argentina were produced in the 1910s through the 1920s. By the 1930s, sound was incorporated into films for the first time. " arrived in 1933 and it allowed both voice and music in motion pictures." (
) However, the movie industry began to lose viewers in the 1930s and 1940s. American films were gaining popularity during this time and caused the downfall of the Argentine films. "Pressure from the Roman Catholic Church and increasing censorship during the Perón presidency limited the growth of Argentine cinema" (
) Later in the 1950s, television became a major competiter with the film industry. After these troubling first years of the beginings of the film industry, things started going uphill. The Argentine got international regognition, recieved many awards, and popularity within Argentina. " Municipal governments support the arts and generally offer art classes and sponser artistic events. They promote both classical and popular art expressions." (
The movies are quite popular in Argentina; however, the theater doesn't recieve as much attraction. "In contrast to the cinema, the theater is not nearly as trendy in Argentina. It is regarded as being for those elite members of society." (
) People of Argentina, especially the youth, find it more apealing to attend a movie rather than a play. People who do attend the theater love to see opera performances, musical performances, "musicals, tango shows and local versions of plays from all around the world." (
). A very famous theater, located in Buenos Aires, is called the
. The arts are highly supported by the Argentine government.
Paintings have been present in Argentina since pre-historic times. Paintings can be found on the walls of caves through out Argentina. "Shortly after independence in 1816, landscape painters from Europe began exploring the spacious Argentine countryside, much as many did in the United States." (
) Aritsts like Carlos Morel and Reynaldo Giudici arose during this time period who explored Argentina and its landscape to bring to life in paintings. Impressionism arose after the 1900s. A famous Argentine sculptor during this era was
. Cubism and surrealism were also appearing in Argentina.
Sports are a big part of the Argentine culture. The most popular sport is soccer. "Argentina won the
in 1978 and 1986 and the gold medal at the
2004 Summer Olympics
for men's soccer." (
) Soccer is widely played across Argentina and is a very popular subject for the news. Other popular sports include: vollyball, basketball, polo, duck, field hockey, golf, cricket, sailing, polo and baseball.
Carlos Gardel - Carlos was born in 1887 in France spent most of his chilhood and life in Buenos Aires. He was a famous movie star as well as a Tango singer. "He is celebrated worlwide as one who popularized the tango." (
) He died in 1935.
Diego Maradona - Diego was born in 1960 in Argentina. He became a professional soccer player when he was just a teenager and was very victorious. "He was also largely responsible for Argentina's 1986 World Cup win." (
) However, he was kicked off the team two times for drug use. He later retired in 1997 and has many health issues because of his cocaine use.
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento - Domingo was born in 1811. He was an outspoken against Juan Manuel de Rosas. Juan sent him out of the country to Chile in 1840. When he came back to Argentina, he was elected as president in 1868. " In his 6 years in office, Sarmiento focused on social issues, including the building of schools and libraries." (
) He died in 1888.
Maria Eva Duarte de Peron (Evita) - Evita was born in 1919. She grew up to be the first lady (married to president
), as well as a tv and radio star. She was a big influence in politics. "As Argentina's first lady, she greatly influenced Argentina's political affairs, appealing to the less privileged groups of Argentine society, which she labeled los descamisados (the shirtless ones), and campaining for women's suffrage and the rights of the working class." (
) She died in 1952.
Jorge Luis Borges - Jorge was born in Buenos Aires in 1899. He is known for his controversial writings about stereotypical Buenos Aires. "He wrote about typical suburbanites in Buenos Aires, the Tango, and fatal knife fights, among other things." (
) Now days, his works of literature are considered to be classics. He died in 1986.
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