Aspen, Abby, Mallory, Kayla


Ecuador

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General Information:

Ecuador is a republic and shares borders with Columbia, Peru, and the Pacific Ocean and its capital is Quito.("Quito") Ecuador, because of its variations in altitude, has a various climates. In the mountains, the Sierra and Andes, the climate is usually cool, anywhere from 35-75 degrees F. ("Andes Mountains") In the lowlands of Ecuador it is usually hot and humid.("Ecuador Information"). The Andes Mountains divide the country into 3 major sections; the Costa, the Sierra, and the Oriente.("Andes Mountains"). The Costa is lowlands along the pacific coast. The Sierra is a highland plateau and that is where the capital, Quito, is located. The Oriente are jungle lowlands that are east of the Andes and make up half of the country’s area. Also part of Ecuador is the Galapagos Islands which are 640 miles of the coast.("Ecuador Wonders") Ecuador is 95% Roman Catholic with a population of 13,755,680.("Ecuador Information"). Its current currency is the US dollar and with its primary exports being petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, and shrimp and its primary imports being consumer goods, industrial raw materials, and capital goods their economic status is not good but not bad.("Greening, Robert). They have gained from their petroleum and they have promise of bringing regional power toward their nation’s capital.("Quito")

Bibliography for General Info



Ecuador Entertainment-
Sports:

Futbol(Soccer)is the favorite sport in Ecuador. Soccer in Ecuadordoes not have the same association with middle class "Soccer Moms" that is typical in the United States. Rather, because of its basic simplicity and the lack of any necessary equipment besides a ball, soccer thrives in lower income working class areas where it is often the only recreational outlet available. (Soccer in Ecuador )A well known soccer player in Ecuador is Alex Dario Aquinaga Garzon. He is very determined and serious when is on the field.Volleyball and track are also popular. Ecuadorian volleyball is played differently than it is played in other parts of the world. The ball is heavier and there are three players on each team. Unlike in other places the ball is usually light and can have up to five to six players on each team. The Ecuadorians enjoy a game called pelota national. Two teams hit a small ball back and forth, and a third team stands between, trying to stop the ball. Pelota is less popular with young people but is still played by older people. Pelota is a game that we would refer to is monkey in the middle in the United States. Common games and activities for young children to play is marbles, jump rope, and hopscotch. All games that are played all over the world. Also children and teens play Rayuelz which tests your memorization skills over a guessing game played in a small group. Lastly children love to create sing-alongs taking turns each child adding onto the song.

Arts:

Ecuador has a lot of well known artists but Araceli Gilbert is known for her more creative and success in her work. Ecuador Art depicts its rich culture and heritage along with the diversity passed on from generation after generation(Ecuador Art). The local people there is no difference in fine arts and crafts. That is why most of the Ecuadorian Art is not only beautiful, but also has a practical use.( Ecuador Art ) Few of the city Arts are commercialized and are of poor quality, but the work available in the crafts markets in Otavalo or Salcedo, are genuine hand crafted goods, which are also inexpensive.( Ecuador Art ) Common things found in Ecuador art is the Panama hat which is more than a hundred years old.Ecuador Art also includes weaving, as the woven crafts of Ecuador are quite popular all around Ecuador. The craft of weaving was first brought to Ecuador by the Spanish, who capitalized the indigenous people for cheap labor(Ecuador Art ). In Ecuador the art is very creative and different from bags, backpacks and other type of fiber that look attractive. It can also include wood cravings which have been popular for years.During colonial years, only Churches used the wood cravings, but soon it became a fashion(Ecuador Art ).The most popular and unique known around Ecuador are bread figures. The most interesting type of art are making colorful dolls in the shape of donkeys, and humans totally opposite. These paintings are extremely attractive and are an important part of the Ecuador Art. Moreover traditionally the people from Quichua decorated drums and masks for festivals(Ecuador Art ). Overall the Ecuadorian art is very classy in their own unique way.

Music:

In Ecuador one of the more popular styles is the Pasillo. It originated along the Ecuadorian Coast. It is also present in the mountainous regions of Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela. One famous example of this style is Julio Jaramillo known as the Ruiseñor of America.Around Ecuador there are many famous singers and song writers,Fausto Miño is a song writer and a singer. Pasillo is popular and heard at all the big parties and all houses that enjoy Ecuadorian music. Another popular style of music but, but has a more native tone is Sanjuanito. Mostly heard in the mountainous areas in Ecuador. Sanjuanito originated from the indigenous tribes in the Andes deserts. The tone compare to the Pasillo is more cheerful, easy to dance to and is a older time of music. Sanjuanito is popular when attending house parties and street parties. Rockola music become more and more popular in the Ecuadorians life by the content and social realism. It embrances the treason of love, the migration of relatives to other countries.Common other song heard around Ecuador are Albazos, Pasacalles, Tonadas, Danzantes, and Yaravies. Many of them originate in rhythms that come directly from the music of the indigenous population.


Bibliography For Entertainment






Ecuador Dining and Cuisine-

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Just some of their choices of Fruit!



General Information and Manners- Your eating habits play a large role in the Ecuadorian Culture. Meal time is a time to catch up, a lot of conversation of its polite to eat slow. The mother will serve the father first, the boys then the girls. The girls help prepare all food and the mother will then eat after everyones been attended to. If guests are present they will be served first and will recieve the largest ammount of choice. It is polite to say Buen Provecho before you begin your meal (Bon Apetite). Its rude not to thank the ones who prepared the meal before being excused.

The Meals: The food most often eaten in Ecuador is very diverse. Pork, chicken, beef and guinea pig along with fresh fruit are the most popular items in the moutain region.The most important meal of the day would definitaly be their midday meal. Look at it as if its our lunch. Ecuadoran dishes usually include goat stew ( seco de chivo), green bananas fried in oil (patacones), and sweet corn tamales ( humitas). Their seafood which is another known dish is always marinated in a lime juice and seasoned in chili, cilantro, onions and tomatoes. Sometimes there dishes come with a side of popcorn (cangil). Serranos, people from Sierra Ecuador perfer meat, corn and potatoes while the Costenos, people from the costal region prefer fish, rice and beans. They celebrate holidays by eating and making a traditional dish around the entire country. On lent, Easter they make Fransesca which is a type of fish soup served with many types of beans. The week after someone close to the ecuadorians pass away they make a fruit beverage called " Colada Morada", usually topped off with "guagaus de pan", a stuffed filling bread for the children. There is a very large variety of fresh fruit, but the popular would be bananas, uvilla, tree tomatoes and passionfruit.

Popular Food and Drink: The most known and well liked drink would be a hot drink called api, made from ground corn. Not only do they love their api, but also their coffee. They boil their coffee until it's very strong and very thick, exactly how they love it! There is one alcoholic drink they can't get enough of called Aguardiente very sugar-cane based. The most popular meal is called the hornado, consisting of roasted pig served with potatoes. Plantain and peanut based dishes are the basis of most costal meals.


Important Restaurants: Ecuador has five known and popular restaurants. The five restaurants are La Querencia, Rincon la Rhonda, El pajonal, Los Adobes, and La Choza. Sake restaurant is known for being elegant! Believe it or not there is also quite a bit of fast food joints including, Mcdonalds, Taco Bell, Tropi Burger, Baskin Robins, and Burger King.

Bibliography For Food







The History of Ecuador-

The Ecuadorian culture is a mixture of its influences of Spanish colonialism and the resilient traditions of the Pre- Columbian people. Today, archeologists are able to trace back to Ecuadors' first inhabitants, when the hunters and gatherers were able to establish their own settlements in the central highlands and along the southern coast. The hunters and gatherers were also able to develope trade routes with their neighbors Peru, Brazil and the Amizonian tribes. The Pre- Columbian period became the present Republic of Ecuador. The Republic is at the heart of its region where various cilizations were developed. The invasion of the Inca people in the 15th century was both bloody and very painful, but allowed the Inca to establish an extensive administration to begin their own colonization in Ecuador. The Inca became both powerful and dominate. Originating in a small pocket in Peru, they quickly dominated the area and shortly after established a vast empire within just a century. The Inca became dominate enough to contruct massive monumental cities, develope their own sense of language and written language which allowed them to communicate across the empire that laid wide. The language built and established in Ecuador through the Inca is still widely spoken today.
By the early 1500's the Inca leader Huayna Capac consolidated his conquest upon the land of Ecuador. War shortly broke out upon the inheritance of the newly established Inca Kingdom. Thus, weakend the region on the eve of the arrival of the Spaniard invaders. The first Spaniards invaded northern Ecuador in the year 1526. This very same year Huayna Capac divided the empire between his two sons, Atahualpa and Huascar. Atahulpa ruled the northern half where Huascar ruled the southern. In 1532 Francisco Pizzaro came to Ecuador when he intended to conquere the Incas. Just as Hernando Cortez acomplished crushing Mexico's Aztecs, Pizzaro could not have picked a greater time for his mission. Shortly after entering Ecuadors territory he forced Atahualpa to collect an enormous ransom and then Pizzaro had him executed. After Pizzaro completed his mission the Inca were broken. Reminants of them are still apart of Ecuador today, but the tribe as a whole no longer exists.
Spanish governors ruled Ecuador for nearly 300 years, where Roman Catholicsm was introuduced and easily spread. Also, introduced was colonial architecture and today's national language. Ecuador's independence was sought to be won in 1822, when the famed South American liberator defeated the Spanish army at the battle of Pichincha. Near the turn of the century when Quito became Ecuador's capital, leaders on both sides have been assasinated leaving military dictators to rule the country during most of Ecuadors modern history. Elections have since been continued once Ecuador established Democracy in 1979. Today, Ecuador's flap exploits pois to attack its enemies, it protects Ecuador's nation under its wings and the blue symbolizes Ecuador's independence from Spain. Red stands for courage and yellow recalls the Confederation of Greater Columbia. The flag was completely established November 7, 1900 and has been help up high ever since its independence.