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Argentina

General Information of Argentina
By, Liz Pottoff
History of Argentina
By, Alyson Holloway
Entertainment of Argentina
By, Laura Bernero

Cuisine of Argentina
By, Tessa Polodna






Argentina: General Information

Even though Argentina is located in South America, culture shows a Latin America and European culture. For example the city of Buenos Aries shows more of the European side and the other smaller cities in the interior of Argentina are more of the native and Hispanic influences. In Argentina they speak mainly Spanish but also English, French, and Italian are frequently spoken. Buenos Aries is a coastal city that supports one third of the population of Argentina (Dougherty, Terri). The population of Argentina is 40,301,927 and over 13 million live in Buenos Aires.. Argentina is also a very big country who is 1,100,00 sq mi making it the worlds 8th largest country but here population and the size of Argentina show that it is not distributed evenly through out (Dougherty, Terri). Even though the people may not be evenly distributed the wildlife sure is and ranges from all sorts of animals (Gofen, Ethel).

There are six major regions that break up Argentina and that show the different climate and landforms.

Mesopotamia-
Is the northeast side of Argentina, and is full of tropical and lush rain forest with are very heavy rain fall at all times of the year (Gofen, Ethel). This area also includes vegetation, ferns and orchids, which all thrive the damp climate. This explains why they all survive very well in the Mesopotamia area of Argentina (Dougherty, Terri). Parana and Uruguay rivers border this region; this helps explain how the region ended up with the name Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia means “middle” and “rivers” in Greek (Dougherty, Terri). Till the present day this region is rural with marshes, beaches and jungles. There are very few small towns and cities; the largest city is Corrientes, which has the population of 268,000 (Dougherty, Terri). Most of the people that live in the southern region of the Mesopotamia area are farmers, who raise cattle, sheep, and horses that was they could graze on the grasslands (Dougherty, Terri). They will also grow flax, wheat’s and fruits.. This region is also responsible for growing the holly plant that is used to make yerba mate , tobacco and rice (Gofen, Ethel). The Mesopotamia region also offers one of the most amazing displays of nature called the Iguazu Falls . These 275 separate waterfalls are what separate Argentina and Brazil. The Iguazu Falls do attract many tourists but the area is fairly isolated, so in 1970 there was a bridge built over the Uruguay River that linked it to all the neighboring countries. This improved the access to the region and allows the tourist to relax on the riverside beaches such as Gualeguaychu; here you can view fifty-foot palm trees. (Dougherty, Terri). You can also go to the Corrientes province where they take you on a boat ride where you will be able to see long legged flamingos, red cardinals and over 368 other species of birds (Dougherty, Terri).

The Gran Chaco-
This region is located just west of the Mesopotamia region. The Gran Chaco has a harsher climate and has floods and drought. Its flat jungle plains are on the southern edge of subtropical region that reaches into Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay (Dougherty, Terri). The eastern region of Gran Chaco is extremely marshy when the western part is very dry. This is because that Andes Mountains shield it from receiving any moisture from the Pacific Ocean. The northwest region of The Gran Chaco region has the harshest climate of them all. El Impenetrable is a desert whose temperature commonly drops to 110 degrees Fahrenheit (Dougherty, Terri). El Impenetrable was named after a Spanish explorer who found it impossible to go across with very little water. This dry hot region allows cactus, thorny shrubs and white quebracho trees to grow (Dougherty, Terri).

Even though the climate differs all over the Gran Chaco region it produces lumber and is used for the raising of cattle. The lumber is also known as the hallow red quebrancho or as the axe breaker and it grows in the eastern part of the Chaco. Being that lumber and cotton are produced in this region the small town called Presidencia Roque Saenz Pena means “the national capital of cotton. (Gofen, Ethel). Not to many people live in Gran Chaco, the region is mainly controlled by the vast variety of wildlife. The driest parts of Gran Chaco are home to armadillos, lizards, jaguars, and all sorts of butterflies. In the marshy parts of the herons, parakeets, parrots, yellow-winged blackbirds, and hawks maintain the sky while capybaras, anteaters and monkeys control the ground (Dougherty, Terri).

The Andes and Puna-
Over one third of Argentina is cover by the Andes Mountains and that leaves a variation of contrast between the green forests, the snow covered mountains and the deserts. Only 15 percent of the population lives in the Andes and they are usually miners or Indians who raise sheep in the northern part. Here miners can dig for iron ore, uranium and other metals (Gofen, Ethel). Puna is located right next the Andes Peaks and is a very dry and cold desert (Dougherty, Terri). It stretches into Bolivia and is not only cold and dry but also windy, stony and treeless. Although it is treeless there are smaller shrubs and grass that do grow allowing llamas, alpacas and guanacos to roam the area. During the summer is when it rains there, its not enough
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Patagonian Andes
to make it so Puna isn’t as dry but is does help (Dougherty, Terri). The amount of rain is also perfect for growing lemons and grapes. Most of the Argentina wines are made from the grapes that come from the Mendoza vineyard in Puna (Gofen, Ethel). Mt. Aconcagua is just west of the Mendoza vineyard in Puna, and it is the highest peak in the western hemisphere. This peak reaches 23,034 feet above sea level and leads into Chile (Gofen, Ethel). Experiencing the Andes is a big hit with the tourist, there for the Tren a lad Nubes also known as the “Train to the Clouds..” This man made railroad shows the breath taking views and runs between the mountains. It was built in 1911 and 1948, it includes 21 tunnels, 31 bridges, and 13 viaducts with 1,279 bends (Dougherty, Terri) it all is worth seeing the amazing views that are offered.

The Cuyo-
Cuyo is located right under the peak Mt. Aconcagua there for it doesn’t see hardly any wet weather, but have plenty of run off water from the peaks and other rives to irrigate crops (Gofen, Ethel). The crops that are in Cuyo are mainly Olives and Melons, and the sunny weather makes it possible to grow fruit trees and also grapes.. Even though Mendoza produces most of the grape in Argentina Cuyo is the heart of the wine district (Dougherty, Terri). This region also has a 15,000-acre that belongs to Ischigualsto Provincial Park also known are the Valley of the Moon. This park is known for its fossil findings. Here the world’s oldest dinosaur was found, so they are still doing more research on this area (Gofen, Ethel). Cuyo also offers more wildlife in this region and also and unusual kind of wildlife, like red foxes, and pumas that like the desert. The cougars, tortoises, gray foxes, snakes, falcons, eagles and condors all make there homes in the grass and trees of the Sierra de Las Quijadas National Park (Dougherty, Terri).

The Pampa-
Pampa mean’s “level land” and its from the Guarani Indian language (Gofen, Ethel). This is the best region to raise cattle and grain, which is very important to Argentina. Not only it the grain important to the people of Argentina but it is also important to the rest of the world because the Pampa region is one of the best regions in the world to grow grain and produce livestock (Dougherty, Terri). The region of grain is the perfect place to produce grain because of the perfect amount of rain and there is barley any wind. Even though there is a lot of grain and livestock production in the Pampas, Buenos Aires and other big industries and cities are located in the region (Gofen, Ethel). This is intrusting because at first the Pampas was just a place that the earliest settlers of Buenos Aires let there cattle fun free. The animals thrived on the grassland, then later the Argentina cowboys named Gauchos arrived and rounded up all the cattle, using them for their hid and a source of food (Dougherty, Terri). Since times have changes so has the land and the way thing where set up. Pampa Humeda or moist Pampa is the eastern section of the region, and Pampa Seca or dry Pampa is the western and southern part. This is because the eastern section get twice as much rain fall as the other section, therefore the grain production is best suitable on the northern side where there is just the perfect amount of rain suitable for grain (Dougherty, Terri). This makes it so that cattle farming is more dominant in the eastern part. Over 70 percent of Argentines population lives in the Pampas region, this is because industries where produced to support the production of grain and cattle. There is also a mass amount of exports that are sent out all over this region (Dougherty, Terri). This is one of the major reasons why the population of Argentina isn’t very well distributed.

Patagonia-
Patagonia is known mainly for its vivid color, wildlife, open spaces and it beauty! Grass, small shrubs and cactus grow in the lower plateaus and also in the flat bottom canyons. Oddly enough there are still glaciers and ice fields the cover Glaciers National Park and the southern Andes (Dougherty, Terri). Its been said that everything in Patagonia is on a larger scale then the rest of the world, because the skies last forever the size of the glaciers is unbelievable (Gofen, Ethel). The Atlantic coast is one of the most breath taking sits, because you can see penguins and there habitats and in March and April you may see a killer whale a time or two (Dougherty, Terri). The regions lake district also offer amazing views, in the Andes foothills the deep blue glaciers that surround the volcanoes and the snow-capped mountains is a captivating view that one should experience for them selves (Dougherty, Terri). Lanin National Park has twenty- four glacier filled lakes, and around the lakes there are forest where cougars and wildcats have been spotted in the pine like trees. The most northern part of the Patagonia region is too cold and to dry for any crops to be grown, the ambitious farmers will do there best to grow fruits and vegetables (Dougherty, Terri). The only animals that are able to survive in the cold area are the sheep that graze off the grass. However there are many minerals that have been found in the soil, for example oil, coal, and iron ore. The Patagonia region in Argentina is now reasonable for producing one third of the countries oil (Dougherty, Terri). Now the most southern part of Argentina is called Tierra del Fuego or “Land on Fire.” The European settlers who in the 16th century passed by and saw fires lit up by the Shelknam Indians gave this name. The Straight of Magellan separates this territory from the mainland and it belongs to both Chile and Argentina. The capital is called Ushuaia and it was the first permanent settlement and is now the tourist base of Antarctica (Dougherty, Terri). There is more land that belongs to Argentina that are 650 miles away in Antarctica. There is also a claim to the Mavinas Island or the Falkland Islands, which a few thousand people live in even though they are damp, cold and have very high winds (Dougherty, Terri).

Government of Argentina-
The conventional name for Argentina is the Argentina Republic. Therefore this country is a Republican country. The system of government of Argentina is very similar to the government here in the United States; they have an executive branch, a legislative branch and a judicial branch (Photius, Courtsoukis). All of the branches consist of the same members as ours here in the Unites States do. The current president of Argentina is Cristina Fernandez De Kirchner and the vice president is Juilo Cobos (Photius, Courtsoukis). They have been in office sine December 10th of the year 2007 and will serve a four-year term and you must be 18 years of age to vote. The legislative branch consists of the National Congress and that is 72 seat members along with the Chamber of Deputies and the is 257 members (Photius, Courtsoukis). All members are elected by direct vote, than one third of the National Congress members are elected every two years to serve a six-year term. The Chamber of Deputies are also elected by direct vote but on half of the members are elected to serve a four-year term (Photius, Chourtsoukis). The judicial branch has 9 Supreme Court judges that are appointed by the president and senators. Argentina also has an Independence of July 9th 1816 and a national holiday of May 25th and it’s the Revolution Day. The Constitution was first documented in May 1st 1853 then revised in August 1994 (Photius, Courtsoukis). The Argentina flag is consists of three equal horizontal bands of light blue in the top and bottom then white in the middle. Also in the middle there is a sun with a human face that is known as the Sun of May (Photius, Courtsoukis).

Religion-
The main religion in Argentina is Roman Catholicism and it is supported by 92 percent of Argentina, however 20 percent do not got to church on a regular bassist (Gofen, Ethel). But all in all Argentina take a very relaxed view on religion. But in 1982 when the pope came to visit the Argentines and again in 1987 million came to show their support for the religion (Gofen, Ethel). It was stated in the constitution of 1852 that the president and vice president had to fallow the Roman Catholic religion. Also the government will help support the finance's of some of the churches and cathedrals (Gofen, Ethel). The constitution also guarantees freedom to believe whatever religion you may and you may also perform and practice it however you may like. These other religions may run churches, hospitals, social centers, and cemeteries, just like the Roman Catholics may (Gofen, Ethel). These other religions may contain the other 2 percent of the argentines that are Protestants. Many Jews came from Europe in the 19th and early 20th centauries and now make up 2 percent of the Argentine population that mainly live in Buenos Aires Muslims and other member of the other religion make up 4 percent of the population (Gofen, Ethel).

Economy-
Traditionally the economy of Argentina has been based off of the importance of the grains and livestock that are produced there. The grains and livestock have been responsible for the wealth of the country (Munson). Most of the money that goes in and out of Argentina is all based off of the imports and exports. Although there are many minerals that can be found in Argentina there isn’t enough to support the country alone (Munson). Food Processing is also a chief manufacturing industry, for example meatpacking, flour milling, and canning all take place in Argentina. They have gone through both inflation and recession (Munson). The economy had grown but still have significant problems, like a high unemployment rate and a large national debt. Then the economy collapsed in 2001 and didn’t start to rebuild until the year 2003. Argentina currently uses the peso currency, just the same as most Spanish speaking countries (Munson).

Argentina’s Imports and Exports-
The exports that are sent out of Argentina are what are responsible for the wealth that was created but is also responsible for the recession that Argentina has gone through (Munson). They export wheat, corn, flax, oats, beef, mutton, wine, hides and wool to the United States, Canada, and Australia. They also export lemons; soybeans, grapes, and tobacco just not as fast of a rate are the other main exports (Munson). Argentina is also the world’s largest source of linseed oil. As for imports Argentina relays on their major partners of Brazil, the United States, China and Chile. They import machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, metals, plastics and other manufactured goods (Munson). Most importing and exporting is all done through the capital Buenos Aries.

Work Cited


Gofen, Ethel. Cultures Of The World, Argentina. 1. Tarrytown, NY: Times Book International, 1990. Print.
Dougherty, Terri.
Argentina. 1. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent Books, 2003. Print.
Coutsoukis, Photius. "Argentina Goverment."
Photius.com. 01 May 1999. 27 Apr 2009 <http://www.photius.com/wfb1999/argentina/argentina_government.html>.
Munson, F.B.. "Argentina." bartleby.com. 2007. Web.30 Apr 2009. <http://www.bartleby.com/65/argentina>


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History of Argentina

Argentina is known for its rich culture. However, what most people don’t realize is that its history is just as rich and fascinating. Discovery, war, and politics all come into play when speaking about Argentina’s history.

Before the Spanish got to the area, Argentina was home to many different indigenous people, some of whom belonged to the Incan Empire (Culturegrams.com). At the time, King Pachacutec was the king of the Incan Empire. What can be considered the “real” beginning of this great nation, began in 1502 when Spanish conquistadors arrived in the area with Amerigo Vespucci's voyage (CountryReports.org). However, the first time that Europeans landed in what is now Argentina, was in 1516 when a Spanish navigator, Juan Diaz de Solis, visited the country (CountryReports.org). Only 64 years later, in 1580, Spain set up a permanent colony in Argentina. Then in 1776 they established the Vice Royalty of Rio de la Plata (CountryReports.org) and Buenos Aires became a thriving port city. However, this peace with Spain wouldn’t last very long.
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The port city of Buenos Aires.


A war for independence from Spain began in 1810 and ended in only six years. (Culturegrams.com). On July 9, 1816, (CountryReports.org) Buenos Aires formally declared their independence from Spain. Now that they were no longer under Spanish control, the Argentinean people set about finding a new leader. Finding a new leader of the country was much easier said then done. Conflicts between centralists and federationists erupted all over the nation, (CountryReports.org) after Argentina had gained its independence from Spain. Though the conflict was intense for a number of years, in 1853 national unity was established and a constitution was ratified.

The government was weak for a number of years, and in 1912 by giving the right to vote to men, civilian rule became more prevalent; it was a peaceful government, but weak. In 1943, through a military coup, Juan Domingo Perón became the leader of Argentina, but wasn’t elected president until 1946 (Culturegrams.com). In the following years, Perón was overthrown and a series of military and elected officials led the country. Perón then returned to power in 1973 but died only a year later. His third wife, Isabel was then left to rule. Then, in 1976, the military took over and proceeded to wage a “dirty-war” against both armed and unarmed civilians in order to restore the Argentine nation. Somewhere between 10,000 and 30,000 civilian lives were lost with the government’s approval (Culturegrams.com). By 1995, the economy of Argentina began to increasingly worsen. The country’s government and economy was so weak that in May of 2002, Eduardo Duhalde became the fifth president in two weeks (Culutregrams.com). In 2003, Duhalde was replaced by Nestor Kirchner. Kirchner was able to strengthen the weak economy however the country was facing bigger issues then its economy; unemployment, social and political unrest, and national debts were among the country’s large issues. However, the country took a turn for the better when amnesty laws protecting military officials, suspected of being involved with the “dirty-war” was repealed in 2005. Today, Argentina is ruled by Kirchner’s wife, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.

As soon as national unity was established, Argentina began to grow as a nation. Between 1880 and 1930, Argentina had become one of the top ten wealthiest nations in the world through agriculture and investing money outside its borders. Today, Argentina is a country that is rich in culture and history. Argentina was said to have culutural influences from many different European nations (WorldFactbook.com). Now, Argentina's once diverse culture has morphed into one culture, the beautiful culture of Argentina.


Works Cited
"Argentina." Culture Grams. 3 April 2009 http://online.culturegrams.com/secure/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=7&wmn=South_America&cid=6&cn=Argentina&sname=History&snid=2
"Argentina." Info Please. 3 April 2009 http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107288.html
"Argentina." Wikipedia. 3 April 2009 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argentina#Pre-Columbian_era.
"Argentina." World Factbook Online. 3 April 2009 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html
CountryReports.org. 2009 Edition. Published by CountryReports.org. <April 3, 2009>. http://www.countryreports.org.

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Argentina
: Entertainment

If one were to travel to Argentina, one would enter a world of color, activity, and recreation. This nation has many rich traditions that can be seen in art, music, sports, and past times. Ancient peoples, as well as more modern settlers influenced the art forms, holidays, and music that are still popular in Argentina today. This country’s entertainment is not only engaging and rich in culture…it is unique!

Art/Painting
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Art is etched into Argentina’s history beginning in ancient times. Indigenous peoples left behind paintings and engravings, giving clues to their ancient lifestyle and influencing later painting styles. An indigenous group called the Diaguita are famous for their stone engravings (Gofen). Later, colonial-era artists depicted religious themes ("Art in Argentina") and traditions in there work, further supporting that art could be a method of conveying ideas and traditions. Famous artists of this time period include Morel, Molina, Fontana, and Arranz. Fontana and Arranz are famous for their amazing work in ceramics (Gofen).
Another very influential period in painting surrounded the
Gaucho lifestyle. Their courageous and rustic way of life is conveyed in many famous and unique paintings, and elements of the Gaucho lifestyle can also be found in the literature and music of Argentina (Gofen).
Finally, modern painters from Argentina continue to contribute to a legacy of beautiful and unique art. Matrin and Figari are two artists who depict life in present-day Buenos Aires in their paintings (Gofen).
Artistic architecture can even be seen in the streets near the historic capital. As it has been throughout history, this artwork is a testimony to the colorful and rich lifestyle found in this region.

Music and Film
The composers of Argentina have been influenced by both European and Gaucho music. Gaucho themes can be found in classical music from the early 20th century (“Argentina”). Apart from that, Argentina’s music can be divided into two categories: folklore and popular music. The zamba, a slow waltz accompanied by guitar and bass drum, is one of the country’s most popular dance forms (Gofen).

An important musical venue in Argentina is the opera house. European settlers greatly influenced the symphonic music and operas that have dotted Argentina’s culture for centuries (“Argentina”). Italian immigrants are said to have started the popularity of opera, and this nation is still well known for the many talented singers and performers that originate there (Gofen). Buenos Aires hosts one of the world’s most famous opera houses, the Colόn (“Argentina”).



external image Argentina2x2.jpgModern Argentines enjoy salsa music as well as other types of music from the United States and other Central American countries. However, the most historic and impressive form of music and dance in Argentina is the tango. This form of music and dance originated in Argentina and involves a variety of dancers, styles, and instruments. It is more popular in countries outside Argentina, but the tango is beginning to make a popularity come-back with young adults (“Argentina”).
The movie industy in Argentina really exploded right after the first world war. During that time, Buenos Aires and Mexico City became the film-making-capitals of Latin America during the 1930s and 1950s. Argentines enjoy films from their country, as well as many translated movies from the United States. In the 1980s, two Argentine films—The Official Story and Kiss of the Spider Woman—won an Oscar for the best foreign film and an Academy Award for best actor (Gofen).

Professional Sports
external image HernanCrespoArgentina.jpg
One of the most exciting aspects of Argentinian culture involves the world of sports. The most popular sports in Argentina are rooted in tradition and continue to draw fans of all ages and interests. As is the case with many cultures and communities, sports and recreation is a way for families and friends to come together to entertain and enjoy the many aspects of the games.
In the 19th century, the English brought soccer over to the Latin American nations as they traded and settled. Ever since, this sport has been the most popular in Argentina and throughout the region ("Argentina"). Interest in soccer usually begins at a very young age, where children participate in clubs and neighborhood games. In Argentina, if one were to make it to the professional level, one can expect to earn a huge salary. These fútbol stars are viewed as national heroes and attract 100,000 fans or more at every match! The most intense rivalry is between the national teams of Argentina and Brazil, and emotions run high at these engaging and energetic face-offs. Currently, Argentina’s most famous player is Diego Maradona, a fiery, 5-foot-5 inch guy that is acclaimed to be the “best player in the world.”
Another popular sport in Argentina is British Horseback or “Polo,” a popular activity that was also brought to Latin America by British Immigrants. Avid players begin training at a young age, and grow up to join league teams or clubs. Polo is also played at a more casual level for fun, and family teams are very common. The horses required to play this skillful sport are prized animals, trained for speed and strength. Horse racing is another sport that remains popular in Argentina. Races are often televised and well-attended events, and the sport is based on years of tradition and the importance of the horse in the lives of early Argentineans. (Gofen)
Tennis used to be a sport that could only be played by the wealthy, but it is another sport that is now popular and accessible in Argentina. Young people throughout the country play for fun, and Argentina now produces some of the world’s best professional players. ("Argentina")


Recreational Sports and Hobbies
The family and community atmosphere that athletics provide can especially be seen in recreational sports. Argentina has a special sport called “Pato” (meaning duck) that was first played by the native cowboys of the area. It was originally very dangerous and involved a lot of rough-housing, so it was actually banned in the 1800s. However, the rules have been changed and modern communities continue to enjoy it.

Other popular sports in Argentina include skiing, fishing, and rugby. The sweeping Andes mountains, contrasting lowlands, and comfortable communities of Argentina make these sports ideal. Throughout the nation, recreation and athletics is valued by everyone. ("Argentina")
Walking the streets of Argentina might also reveal a variety of hobbies, traditions, and past times. Music and dance are popular for all ages, and many school-age kids participate in theatre and music programs. Art and creativity are also valued at all age levels. Leisure activities also include playing cards, going to the movies, relaxing with friends, watching TV, or reading (ProQuest). In communities, people are very friendly and can often be found engaging in pick-up soccer games or friendly auto races. Even strangers are very willing to strike up a conversation about an upcoming soccer match or local event. At night, Argentineans have
family meals to close out the day. ("Argentina")

Walking the streets of Buenos Aires in the evening? Watch out for a flying soccer ball and be alert for the call of a friendly neighbor. As people come home from work, everyone settles in to their family time to enjoy actividades y charlas. As you can see, countless traditions and past-times fill the days of the citizens in the colorful and impressive place.

Bibliography
Gofen, Ethel. Cultures of the World: Argentina. Benchmark Books: New York, 1990.
"Argentina." CultureGrams World Edition. 2008. ProQuest. 3 Apr 2009. <http://online.culturegrams.com/secure/world/world_country_sections.php?
contid=7&wmn=South_America&cid=6&cn=Argentina&sname=The_Arts&snid=15>.
"Gaucho."
Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 30 Apr. 2009 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/226956/gaucho>.
"Art in Argentina: Colonial Period." Living in Argentina. 2009. 3 May 2009. http://www.livinginargentina.com/art_in_argentina_colonial_period-544.html.

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Foods of Argentina

In the country of Argentina, the cuisine is greatly influenced by Spanish, French, Italian and other European cuisines. (Argentine Cuisine) Italian food,
asado.jpg
Meats grilling over coals at an asado.
like pasta, is popular and widely available. (Argentina Diet) Ice cream and pizza dishes were also taken from the Italian Cuisine and greatly enjoyed by locals. (Jokisch) Ice cream is a favorite all year long. Heladerias (ice cream shops) can carry more than 60 flavors at one time. (Argentina Diet) Argentina is also known for the beef that is popularly served at asados. Since beef is a major product produced the prices are, on average, lower. These low prices allow everyone to have beef on their table for two if not all of the daily meals. (Country Reports) Argentinians also produce: corn, soybeans, wheat, apples, citrus fruits, grapes, milk, potatoes, poultry, sugar cane, sunflower seeds, and tea (yerba maté). Fish is also caught and often exported. (Jokisch)The wine from Argentina is known for its quality worldwide. (Jokisch)
Some favorite dishes include ones with beef, dulce de leche, empanadas, and served with the popular drink, yerba maté. (Country Reports) Yerba maté is a common type of tea. It is often served at breakfast and the “afternoon tea.” (Yerba Maté) During the “afternoon tea” the drink can and usually served with sweet pastries. It is usually served in a mate or guampa with a metal straw called a bombilla. (Yerba Maté) Desserts include dulce de leche, a milky caramel drink, and alfajores, two cookies with a filling. (Jokisch) Many of these foods are available at restaurants. Many restaurants are open late to accommodate the late dinner hour. Since restaurants usually are open late, many serve quickly prepared meals called minuatas or “short-order dishes.”
210px-Picadacordobesa.JPG
A picada.

(Argentine Cuisine) Sandwiches are also very popular can be found almost anywhere. Bars and Cafés also serve dishes called picadas. Picadas are plates of cheese, salami, olives, french fries, and peanuts. (see picture to right) They are regularly served with an alcoholic beverage for adults. (Argentine Cuisine)

Argentinians, like any other country in the world, eats 3 if not 4 meals a day. They eat a light breakfast, lunch, a small meal or snack after work (like an afternoon tea) and followed with their dinner meal. (Country Reports) Most Argentinians eat at later times then most people from other countries. Breakfast is served at 10 a.m., lunch is served at 12:00-2:30 a.m. and dinner is served around 9 p.m. (Jokisch) During the lunch hour many businesses will close during the hottest part of the afternoon, from 12:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. and will open a few hours later. (Country Reports) Restaurants are open late well into the night, and many can be found open at midnight still serving customers. (Argentine Cuisine)

Popular restaurants in Argentina include a restaurant called 1884 in Mendoza, Argentina with head chef named Frances Mallma. This restaurant has made the "Resturant Top 50" (a magizine) list for worldwide restaurants, twice. (Resturant Top 50) The restaurant 1884, made it as number 45 in 2003, and number seven in 2002. (Restaurant Top 50) The website gosouthamerica.com, gives the top restaurants to visit while in Argentina. Number one on their list is Cabaña Las Lilas, number two at Café Tortoni, followed by Los Inmortales, Katrine, and Cala Bistro. (Hamre) For a full "Top 10" list click here.

Works Cited"Argentina Diet." 2009. Culture Grams. 3 Apr 2009 <http://online.culturegrams.com/secure/world/world_country_sections.php?contid=7&wmn=South_America&cid=6&cn=Argentina&sname=Diet&snid=13>.
"Argentina-Eating & Recipes." 2009. Country Reports. 3 Apr 2009 <http://www.countryreports.org/people/recipe.aspx?countryid=11>.
"Argentine Cuisine." 2009. Wikipedia. 4 Apr 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuisine_of_Argentina>.
“Asado.” 2009. Wikipedia. 6 Apr 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asado>.
Byrnes, Brain. "South America's Napa." Newsweek 17 Jan 2009 Web. 6 April 2009. <http://www.newsweek.com/id/180059>.
“Dulce de Leche.” 2009. Wikipedia. 6 April 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dulce_de_leche>.
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